Introduction to the principle and classification of optical fiber metal laser cutting machine

  Introduction to the principle and classification of optical fiber metal laser cutting machine: metal laser cutting machine is a kind of machine made of metal, which uses laser technology for cutting. Now, this kind of equipment is used in many places, which uses laser.


  Laser is a kind of beam with very strong releasing ability. Laser can cut very fast in a very short time. And the metal cutting machine is very labor-saving and time-saving. Do you know the principle of the metal laser cutting machine? Let's take a look at the principle of the metal laser cutting machine.

  I. principle

  Laser cutting is to use the focused high-power density laser beam to irradiate the workpiece, so that the irradiated material can melt, vaporize, ablate or reach the ignition point rapidly. At the same time, the molten material can be blown out by the high-speed air flow coaxial with the beam, so that the workpiece can be cut. Laser cutting is one of the hot cutting methods.

  Two, classification

  Laser cutting can be divided into four categories: laser vaporization cutting, laser melting cutting, laser oxygen cutting, laser scribing and controlled fracture.

  1) laser vaporization cutting

  The high energy density laser beam is used to heat the workpiece, so that the temperature rises rapidly, and the boiling point of the material is reached in a very short time, and the material begins to vaporize to form vapor. These vapors are ejected at a very high speed. When the vapors are ejected, a cut is formed on the material. The heat of vaporization of materials is generally very large, so laser vaporization cutting needs a lot of power and power density.

  Laser vaporization cutting is mainly used for cutting extremely thin metal materials and non-metal materials (such as paper, cloth, wood, plastic and rubber, etc.).

  2) laser melting cutting

  During laser melting and cutting, the metal materials are melted by laser heating, and then the non oxidizing gases (AR, he, N, etc.) are blown through the nozzle which is coaxial with the beam of light, and the liquid metal is discharged by the strong pressure of the gas to form the incision. Laser melting cutting does not need to completely vaporize the metal, the energy required is only 1 / 10 of vaporization cutting.

  Laser melting cutting is mainly used for cutting materials or active metals that are not easy to oxidize, such as stainless steel, titanium, aluminum and their alloys.

  3) laser oxygen cutting

  The principle of laser oxygen cutting is similar to that of oxyacetylene cutting. It uses laser as preheating heat source and oxygen as cutting gas. On the one hand, the injected gas interacts with the cutting metal to produce oxidation reaction and release a large amount of oxidation heat; on the other hand, the molten oxide and molten substance are blown out of the reaction area to form a notch in the metal. Because the oxidation reaction in the cutting process produces a lot of heat, the energy needed for laser oxygen cutting is only 1 / 2 of the melting cutting, and the cutting speed is much faster than that of laser vaporization cutting and melting cutting. Laser oxygen cutting is mainly used for carbon steel, titanium steel and heat treatment steel and other easily oxidized metal materials.

  4) laser scribing and controlled fracture

  Laser scribing is to use high energy density laser to scan the surface of brittle materials, so that the materials evaporate a small groove when heated, and then apply a certain amount of pressure, the brittle materials will crack along the small groove. Generally, Q-switched laser and CO2 laser are used for laser dicing.

  Controlling fracture is to use the steep temperature distribution produced by laser notching to generate local thermal stress in brittle materials, which makes the materials break along the small grooves.

  The above is the introduction of the principle of metal laser cutting machine. Aoke laser equipment (Suzhou) Co., Ltd. is located in beautiful Suzhou. It is a designated and preferred laser equipment supplier for national aerospace, military industry, petroleum, shipping and other industries, a specialized laser solution supplier for the automobile industry, and the only laser cutting machine manufacturer with a large size of 30000 watts in China The company has laser cutting, laser welding, laser cleaning, laser marking, laser cladding, laser micro processing, 3D printing, automobile welding production lines, etc., which are widely used in plane, 3D, groove pipe and other processes, aerospace, automobile and ship, national defense and military industry, precision machinery, sheet metal processing, transportation, petrochemical, intelligent home, advertising and decoration, kitchen and bathroom electrical appliances and other industries 。